Validation of the Mind/Body Paradigm
Scientific Validation of the Mind/Body Paradigm & Muscle Testing
Daniel A. Monti, John Sinnott, Marc Marchese,
Elsabeth J. S. Kunkle and Jeffrey M. Greeson
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1999, 88, 1019-1028.
Summary: This study investigated differences in values of manual muscle tests after exposure to congruent and incongruent semantic stimuli. Muscle testing with a computerized dynamometer was performed on the deltoid muscle group of 89 healthy college students after repetitions of congruent (true) and incongruent (false) self-referential statements. The order in which statements were repeated was controlled by a counterbalanced design. The combined data showed that approximately 17% more total force over a longer period of time could be endured when subjects repeated semantically congruent statements (p < .001). Order effects were not significant. Overall, significant differences were found in muscle test responses between congruent and incongruent semantic stimuli.
To view the full length article, please log into the Members’ Section of ONE’s website.